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Mar 21 A list of abbreviations for the Bachelor thesis or Master’s thesis

Many scientific papers contain a list of abbreviations. order custom paper You can create either by hand or for use an automatic function in Word.

Still, many students should check with their dissertation or thesis, if a list of abbreviations is really necessary. We explain what the benefits are, and why you should make some effort here.

The purpose of abbreviations in a thesis or master thesis

A list of abbreviations is especially useful if the text already contains many shortcuts, but they are not very common. This accordingly relates mainly to technical terms.

abbreviations of words in the text or Bibliography are necessary when it comes to very long terms that are mentioned several times. (Karmasin / Ribing, 2017). The list of abbreviations enables readers also a quick overview of the abbreviated terms.

Be careful with too many shortcuts

For those who dissertation or master’s thesis written those abbreviations are but equally comfortable. then you have long terms Do not expand and thus saves labor, space and time.

For generous but you should not deal with abbreviations, because they inhibit the flow of reading. Anyone who reads the work is le University of Duisburg-Essen and Theisen, 2013).

Many universities are not without reason an unofficial term for abbreviations: “A. F.” – abbreviations of laziness. But these are certainly not welcome. They should therefore verme Policies of the University of Bamberg ).

Where the list of abbreviations is

The list of abbreviations is always at the beginning of the dissertation or thesis – and after the Cover and Content . This is convenient for the readers so that they can look at a glance all the abbreviations (Esselborn-Krumbiegel, 2014).

The directory is also included as a separate item in the Outline . This too, however, improves clarity for the reader. Who uses a few abbreviations, but this can also explain in footnotes. (Bänsch / Alewell, 2013). In this case, no separate list of abbreviations is more then necessary.

How to shorten words in the text from

Abbreviations in the text the word to write first of all completely and then subsequently uses the abbreviation in brackets. So for example: Federal Intelligence Service (BND). This procedure also applies to magazines in the bibliography. (See. to the Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich and Karmazin / Ribing, 2017)

Only words are abbreviated as well, which is used several times. A term that occurs only once in the work, you should not abbreviate. It must be written instead – even if it is very long. If one, however, even abbreviated one term, so should this shortcut then consistently use (See. formal requirements of the University of Bielefeld ).

How a list of abbreviations is built

Abbreviations all abbreviations are finally listed that you have in the text of a scientific paper in the notes and also used in the bibliography. What is important is that the abbreviations are then sorted alphabetically.

Such a list is also divided into two columns: on the left is always the respective shortcut, right of it is then the abbreviated word called. It is possible, moreover, to create a list of symbols – for example, if in the work many Greek letters occur (Theisen, 2013)


A list of abbreviations with Word create

Most of the students are working with the word processing program Word. There are different ways to create a list of abbreviations.

This is on the one hand: Man writing on a piece of paper all the abbreviations that have been used, and adds them to a list of abbreviations in alphabetical together later. It is also possible to mark the abbreviations should be written with a comment, so you then do not overlook.

This approach lends itself especially when one finally does not use many abbreviations. For more than ten abbreviations However, Word provides better methods.

The possibility of cross-references to use

The easiest way is to work with so-called cross-references. For this you mark a shortcut and press Alt + Shift + x. The window that opens is called “Index Entry”.

Fig. 1: Index Entry

Then you select the menu item “cross reference”. There one enters the advertised word.

Fig. 2: Illustration Enter

After the reference in brackets appears behind the abbreviation.

Fig. 3: Reference displays

Do not worry: This clip is no longer visible in the printing and even after the Format in a PDF document


In this way, more shortcuts can be added as cross-references. They are all stored in brackets in the text as code behind the respective shortcut. If that bothers, they can also hide on the paragraph marks.

Then you open the “References”, the “Index” or “Index Insert”.

Fig. insert index

: 5

Then the abbreviations with the abbreviations on the left and the advertised words on the right appears. This can still vary according to, for example right or justified.

These abbreviations do not belong in the

not included

Common abbreviations are also in the dictionary in the list of abbreviations (Franck, 2011). In any case, one should consider these words if they are not simply touting the purposes of readability (which does not apply to the German Citation with footnotes). These include:

More and common abbreviations in the dissertation or thesis use

Common abbreviations for scientific work are set. So you should not invent your own abbreviations. should the word “figure” accordingly so abbreviate as “Fig.” and not “dis.” or “Abd.” (See. Guide of the Goethe University in Frankfurt ).

Below is a list of abbreviations that are common in scientific work in the main text and in the bibliography (Bänsch, Alewell, 2013):

  • – Aktiengesellschaft
  • – Edition
  • – band
  • – Civil Code
  • – ibid
  • – Basic Law
  • – Editor
  • – Author
  • – see

In a editing the master thesis or thesis gives feedback if you are not sure what common and less common abbreviations.

A list of abbreviations is useful for many scientific papers. If you often shorten words, you should become familiar with the features offered by the word processing program Word for it. The list, however, can alternatively create by hand. Basically you should use abbreviations in the text sparingly because they disrupt the flow of reading. A decision on abbreviations, you should use them consistently and make sure that they are familiar with.

Bänsch, Axel / Alewell, Dorothea (2013) : Scientific Work, 11th ed, Munich


Esselborn-Krumbiegel, Helga (2014) : From idea to text: A guide to scientific writing, 4th Edition, Paderborn


Franck, Norbert (2011) : The technique of scientific work, 16th edition, Stuttgart


Karmazin, Matthias / Ribing, Rainer (2017) : The design of scientific papers, 9th Edition, Stuttgart


Theisen, Manuel-René (2013) : Scientific Work: Success at Bachelor’s and Master’s thesis, 16th edition, Munich